Coronary Angiography

What is Coronary Angiography?

Angiography is derived from the Greek word ‘angeion’ definition vessel and ‘graphein’ which means to writ. Angiography or arteriography is a procedure of medical imaging where an X-Ray is taken of the heart to envision the inner opening of the arteries, veins and the four heart chambers, right atrium, right ventricle, left atrium and left ventricle. Angiography or angiogram lacks the insertion of a catheter, a thin tube into a peripheral artery. Coronary Angiography or Coronary Catheterization is a minimally invasive program to approach the coronary flow and blood chambers of the heart using a catheter. Coronary Catheterization was first introduced in 1950s.

Cardiac Catheterization Procedure

During Coronary Catheterization a patient’s blood pressure and X-Ray shadowgrams of the blood in the coronary arteries are registered. To record the X-Ray images, a cardiologist guides a catheter through the extensive blood arteries till the tip of the catheter influence the opening of the coronary arteries.

Catheters are made with an immense radio density making it opaque to X-Rays permit a clearer, blood compatible X-Ray dye to be selectively injected and mixed with the blood running in the artery. Without the X-Ray dye, the blood and internal arrangement of the heart is not clearly visible. The cardiologist activates the equipment to apply cine, a higher X-Ray dose when he/she is ready to record the diagnostic views. The diagnostic views can be saved and studied later.

How long does the Cardiac catheterization procedure take?

Simple Coronary Angiography regularly takes about half an hour to complete.

But following are the conditions during which you need to visit your doctor:

Swelling, redness, unusual pain, or infection at the site of insertion.

Constant or large amount of bleeding from the site of insertion.

Coronary Catheterization Facilities

Hospitals use CT Angiography or Coronary Computed Tomography Angiography, as a non- invasive process to detect blockages in the coronary arteries. 64 slice CT Angio system is used to detect dysfunctions like narrowing of the coronary arteries, soft plaque and fat.

Who should consider Coronary Cardiac CT Angiography?

First and foremost thing for the patient, before reasoning of Coronary Cardiac CT Angiography is that he should discuss his doctor. Because, the usage of Coronary CTA is perfectly appropriate and scans during the procedure from X-ray exposures, there is some risk involved. It is the responsibility of the doctor that he should do accurate selection of the patient so that any kind of risk involved, is reduced.

Benefits of Coronary Catheterization

There are no remains of radiation in the body of the patient after an x-ray examination.

Due to angiography, the need of surgery may get eliminated. If surgery is necessary then the whole procedure becomes accurate.

X-rays generally do not have any side effects.

What to Expect After Coronary Angiography?

After the method, the patient is moved to the special care area. Here he is monitored for overnight or a few hours where his movements are kept minimum for avoiding bleeding from the area where the catheter was inserted. At the site of recovery, your heart rate and blood pressure are also checked after regular intervals along with any kind of possible bleeding.

It is also available that the area where the catheter was inserted, that area might become delicate or sore for about a week’s time. A small bruise may also arrive on the patient’s arms, upper thigh or neck, near the site of insertion.

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