Angioplasty is derived from the words ‘Angio’ sense vessel and plasticos which process fit for molding. Angioplasty is a medical method which associates the alteration of a narrowed or obstructed vascular lumen usually produced by atheroma. All types of vascular interventions observed in minimally invasive or percutaneous process are a part of the angioplasty. Angioplasty was first used in 1977 where a tiny balloon was used to clear and widen diminish arteries. Now the method has enhanced with the use of latest devices like stents, laser and new process.
Coronary Angioplasty also known as percutaneous coronary intervention associates a small incision to be made in the arm or groin to find an artery. The cardiologist leads a thin wire over the incision to the blocked artery. As soon as the wire influences the blocked artery, a catheter with a deflated balloon is cross over the inserted wire to the blocked area. When the tube influences the blockage the balloon is magnified which in turn widens the artery the development the blood flow. Plaque removers may be used to discard the deposited plaque from the walls of the artery. Latest devices like stents are used to carry the artery open. A stent is permanently fixed. After arround 4 to 5 hours of the Coronary Angioplasty the wire and catheter are removed.
Percutaneous coronary intervention mostly takes arround 2 hours. During the process, the patient is kept awake but feels drowsy due to the effect of medication given to him.
The Cardiologists at Hospitals have pioneered Coronary Artery Stenting in India. They have specialized in techniques including Percutaneous Transluminal Septal Myocardial Ablation. There has been a modern advancement in Coronary Angiopalsty in the form of Fractional Flow Reserve (FFR), which is possible in India too.
The main ambition of Coronary Angioplasty is to widen the narrowed blood vessels, in order to development the flow of blood to the heart. Another prime assistance is that it also reduction the risk of a heart attack, reduces the symptoms of angina, and also considerably slows down the progress of coronary artery diseases.
The procedure of Cornoary Angioplasty improves the flow of blood through the coronary arteries. It might also eradicate the need of coronary artery bypass surgery too.
After surgery one gets relief from chest pain improving capacity of exercising. In some cases, there is complete elimination of the narrowing and even blockage.
Although the procedure treats the condition, but does not completely cure. Regular narrowing over a span of 6 months can occur in some of the cases, which might not always need a complete repeat procedure.
Patients should eat right, exercise, give up smoking, and reduce taking stress so that the chances of reappearance are lowered down. The specialist might prescribe a medication, may be a statin drug, for lowering down the cholesterol of the patient.
It is possible that in case the arteries do not get sufficiently widened or the blockages are quite severe to get treated by coronary angioplasty, then heart surgery (CABG surgery) might be recommended.
It is not easy for a patient to make a choice between angioplasty and bypass surgery on his own, which appear due to different factors like the quality of the disease in an individual. The doctor also analysis the symptoms of the patient along with his global heart function and co-existing medical conditions. In case the narrowing in the arteries is genuine about reducing the blood flow in the heart of the patient then angioplasty is recommended. But if the patient has different blockages, bypass surgery is absolutely better. To know more about Cost of Coronary Angioplasty in India keep browsing our site Max India Medicare and to book a medical tour to India please fill the given form.