Coronary Artery Bypass Graft Surgery (CABG) is a surgical process performed to recover the flow of blood & oxygen to the heart muscle. The narrowing of the coronary arteries hinders the blood flow over the blood vessels of the heart and can motive a heart attack. The main reason behind the blockage of arteries is the accumulation of fatty substances and cholesterol over a period of time. The surgery benefits in re-routing blood to the heart muscles, relieving chest pain and recover function of the heart muscles.
People diagnosed with arterial blockage or heart damage are recommended with the Coronary Artery Bypass Graft Surgery.
People suffering from severe chest pain or angina due to the arterial blockage are recommended with the Coronary Artery Bypass Graft Surgery.
People suffering from complicated conditions such as diabetes & high blood pressure are recommended the Coronary Artery Bypass Graft Surgery to reduce the risk of heart attack.
Post surgery, you will be kept in the intensive care unit (ICU) for a short period of time (1 to 2 days). In the ICU, you will undergo following things:
Perpetual scrutinizing of the functioning of the heart muscles
A temporary tube will be attached to help you with breathing
A thin plastic tube is inserted into the neck vein and roped down into the heart & the pulmonary artery to check the flow of blood & oxygen in the heart.
A tube is inserted to remove stomach emanation until you return to a normal diet
A catheter is inserted to drain the bladder and measure urine output
A tube is attached to the veins in the arms through which liquid, nutrition and medication is given
A catheter is directly placed into the artery to measure blood pressure
A tube is inserted into the chest to drain the fluid & blood
Some of the potential benefits of Coronary Bypass Heart Surgery (CABG) include:
Lower risk of stroke
Lower death rate
Less need for transfusion
Less heart rhythm problems
Less injury to the heart
During a Coronary Artery Bypass Graft Surgery (CABG), the blood flow is re-routed about the clogged artery by separate a long segment of an artery from the chest wall, arms or leg veins. Thereafter, the new artery is grafted to the clogged field of the coronary artery. Through the newly connect channel, blood gets unhindered route to flow to the heart muscles. This method is known as Coronary Artery Bypass Surgery. Depending upon the number of blocked coronary arteries, a patient may go through more than one bypass graft.
A Coronary Artery Bypass Graft Surgery (CABG) method commonly takes 3 to 5 hours but it can vary depending upon the number of arteries that needs to be bypassed.
Post the surgical method you’ll spend 1 or 2 days in the Intensive Care Unit (ICU). Here, your blood pressure, heart rate, oxygen levels is regularly confirmed throughout the recuperation period. Thereafter, you will be transferred to a traditional hospital room, where you’ll stay for next 4 to 5 days before being discharged. The recuperation may last anywhere between 6 to 12 weeks following the CABG surgery including home care & daily follow-ups with the doctor.