Vascular Surgery is a special kind of surgery that deals with surgical interventions of arteries and veins. It also heals diseases of the vascular structure and deals with treatment of the areas of dilatation of the blood vessel that can breach if not treated.
Blockages of blood vessels consider by vascular surgeons if not treated source lack of blood flow to the body, blow and other severe complications. The treatment requires removal of the area of blockage, carotid endarterectomy or carotid stenting in which a tube is placed within the artery that permit blood flow.
Veins involve leaflet valves for prohibit blood from flowing backwards when the veins become varicose (enlarged), they do not meet accurately, and the valves do not work permitting the blood to flow backwards and they are enlarged even more.
Long hours of standing or sitting
Female hormones, especially those of pregnancy
Muscular compartment forces travelling through connecting veins, create higher pressure in the superficial veins leading to the enlargement of the vessels.
Swelling in the ankles
Heavy legs, worsened at night
Appearance of spider veins (telangiectasia)
Discoloration near the affected veins (brownish-blue)
Even small tale a long time to heal
Redness, dryness, and itchiness of areas of skin
One of the prime treatments of varicose veins is surgery. Another kind of supportive treatments can be medicines and graduated compression stockings and even raise the legs can offer provisional relief. There are Sapheno-femoral junction ligation and vein stripping operation involves the replacement of all or a part of the saphenous vein main trunk after skin incisions are given over the groin and leg.
Endovenous Laser Ablation: The main ambition of this less invasive alternative is to maintain proper thermal energy to the wall of the injured vein for the produce of fibrosis and lastly disappearance of the vein. The procedure takes about 45 minutes on each leg. The procedure leaves less scars and minimizes pain too.
Sclerotherapy: One of the most generally followed non-surgical treatment for varicose veins where the medicine is injected into the veins to shrink them down. The method is safe as well as effective.
Carotid endarterectomy (CEA) is a surgical procedure where fatty deposits that block one of the two carotid arteries, is removed. This procedure plaque from the artery of the patient, developing the blood flow. It is mainly performed in old age people.
After a checkup is done and the level of plaque is decisive, duplex ultrasound is observed that makes use of painless sound waves for showing the blood vessels and measuring the speed of the blood flow. Following are the other tests:
Computed tomographic angiogram (CTA)
Computed tomography (CT) scans of the brain
Magnetic resonance angiography (MRA)
Less consumption of saturated fat, cholesterol and calories
Regular Exercise, especially aerobic and walking
Avoidance of smoking
Regular antiplatelet therapy
Maintain ideal body weight
Take medications for lowering cholesterol