The aim of this surgery is too equitable a large collection of deficiency, injury and diseases present in face, head, hard and soft tissues, jaws, oral and maxillofacial region and the neck. People opt for this surgery who adversity from different conditions such as facial pain, misaligned jaws and wisdom teeth.
It involves the analysis of swelling of mouth, teeth, face and jaws which has been caused due to trauma. Maxillofacial and oral specialist treats the conditions of fractures of lower and upper jaws and orbits, cosmetic managements of facial lacerations and the trauma.
The surgical correction is done of facial and oral abnormality. These are the result of inveterate deformities like palate and cleft which is caused when one or all portions of the oral nasal cavity does not develop together in fetal expansion and when there is a difference between the skeletal improvement of lower and upper jaws.
To address soft and hard tissue injuries of the lower or upper jaws, reconstructive surgery is used. These injuries could be the result the of trauma or injury, long-term denture wear or cancer surgery.
The specialist perform the cosmetic facial measure categorically on an outpatient basis under IV sedation or local anesthesia.
The procedure of dental implant is used to replace one tooth, numerous teeth or the whole mouthful of teeth. The dental implants are more appropriate and long-lasting than the conventional dentures.
Sinus lift (sinus augmentation) is a surgery that adds bone in the uppermost jaw area of premolars and molars. The cartilage is added between the maxillary sinuses and the jaw that can be on either side of the nose. For making capacity to add the bone, the sinus membrane is lifted.
The facial trauma injuries caused by abstract violence, accident falls, hit from a considerable object or sports injuries are treated by the trained surgeons. The injuries could be bony injuries or soft tissue like severed facial bones of the eye socket, nose or cheek, fractured jaws (lower and upper jaw), intra oral lacerations, Avulsed teeth and facial lacerations.
Both minor and major bone grafting surgeries are behaved. The proceeding of bone grafting can restore the implant sites having poor bone organization which could be a result of the earlier gum disease, injuries or eradication. The cartilage could be either the patient’s bone taken from the hip or jaw or could also be taken from an ornament bank. To change the bone in the posterior upper jaw, sinus bone graft capability is used. The process of guided tissue generation or guided bone generation is done to domination more bone generation by dissolving the special membranes under the gum and thereby maintain the bone graft.
Dental implants replace the teeth which activity like normal and natural teeth by conserve the facial contours. The facial structure can be completely conserve and prevents the depreciation of bones when several teeth are missing. The small-scale implants are made up of small titanium posts and are then put inside the patient’s jawbone where the teeth are lost. The implants are tooth root replacement and these are positioned inside the jawbone. The titanium and the bone associate together and acts as a stronghold for the new artificial teeth.
The surgery associates the evolution of the jaws into a normal and superb situation. The orthodontics aims at straightening the teeth and the curative jaw surgery aims at relocating the misaligned jaws. These growth desperately improve the facial presence and makes sure that the teeth is employed accordingly
The different problems should be evaluated-
Problem with biting, chewing and swallowing
TMJ pain or chronic jaw
An adult has 32 teeth (16 on top and 16 on bottom). But an ordinary mouth has 28 teeth and it develop into ambitious to fit 32 teeth inside the mouth which can hold only 28 teeth. experience teeth (third molars) are the other four teeth. It becomes imperative to extract the wisdom teeth when they are banned from accurately develop inside the mouth. These impacted teeth tend to take many position in order to find a process that can grant the impacted teeth to explode properly. Many problems can appear expected to the poor situation of impacted teeth. When the impacted teeth is not absolutely shatter, then the bacteria increase leading to an disease and will result in pain, illness and stiffness. Serious problems of tumor or cysts can also occur which can ultimately destroy the healthy teeth and the jawbone.
The complication starts when there is a problem with the jaw point, jaw and also the exterior muscles which control the moving and chewing the jaw. Injuries to the muscles of the neck and head, jaw or temporomandibular generate by a excessive whiplash will result into TMJ disorder. TMJ disorders will lead to many problems which include pain, grafting or clicking noises while opening your mouth, misaligned bite, repeated neck aches and headaches and problem in opening the mouth wide.
From the inside, the mouth is lined with mucosa (individual type of skin). This lining is very smooth and is of coral pink color. Change in the color or presence is a sign for oral pathological process. Oral cancer is one such problem. The different signs are-
Problem in swallowing or chewing
Problem of chronic sore throat
Development of red and white patches inside the mouth
Continuous bleeding of the sore
Thickening of the lining of the skin inside the mouth
Both cleft lip and palate occurs during the movement of early pregnancy when the disparate areas of the face have advanced independently and are not joined accurately. The cleft lip surgery is done when the baby is ten weeks old. The surgery spotlight on closing the disintegration, giving a natural aspect to the mouth and also modernizes the muscle activity. While a cleft partiality surgery is done at 7 to 18 months old baby depending upon the child’s various positions.
Facial cosmetic surgery is treated as the choice solution for the correction of physical abnormality appears from aging, injury, disease and birth deficiency. The cosmetic jaw surgery proceeding include treatment of upper jaw (Maxillary Osteotomy) and lower jaw (Mandibular Osteotomy). It also combine Apertognathia, also known as jaw collective surgery, wherein the oval shaped gap between the uppermost and lower front teeth is filled.
An unconscionable advance in any part of the body is biopsied if it is present more than 10 to 14 days. A surgery is a surgical proceeding wherein an integrated section of the growth is removed. Such lesions can lead to oral cancer in the later stage and therefore all concerned lesions should be biopsied.
The cost for this surgery in India is very economical having world class facilities and services. The moderate cost of the Oral and Maxillofacial surgery in India is around $ 2,550, which is almost 1/10th as compared to the treatment offered in U.S.A.