Brain tumors establish when there is an abnormal advance of cells in the brain. This rare situation can be seen in both adults and children. Brain tumors can be classify into cancerous (malignant) and non-cancerous (benign). Cancerous (malignant) tumors are more combative and thoughtful than non-cancerous (benign) tumor. There are almost 140 types of brain tumors that can develop in the brain. Metastatic or primary are the two types of brain tumors. Primary tumors develop in the brain and do not spread outside the brain. Unlike primary tumors, metastatic tumors grow in other body part and spreads to the brain through lymphatic or blood tissue. Kidney cancer, lung cancer, melanoma and breast cancer can increase to the brain.
There is no as such proven cause of brain tumors. However, some of the causes include –
A family history of genetic disorders such as tuberous sclerosis, Li-Fraumeni syndrome, neurofibromatosis and Hippel-Lindau disease.
People who have a compromised immune system
Exposure to radiation
Headaches are considered as the most common symptoms of a brain tumor. Further symptoms are –
Problems with memory
Weakness in one part of the body
Problems while walking
Changes in hearing and speech
Tingling or numbness in the arms or legs
Unable to concentrate
Changes in vision
A brain tumor can result in a number of neurological problems. There are many types of brain tumors. Some common tumors are –
Central nervous system (CNS) lymphoma
Optic nerve glioma
Brain stem glioma
Brain cancer can only be detached by the means of surgery. Surgery is the only analysis for non-cancerous (benign) tumors. Whereas cancerous (malignant) tumors require treatment along with the surgery that associate chemotherapy or radiation therapy. There are different goals of any analysis for brain tumors –
A longer life
Provide access for delivering intra-surgical treatments such as laser surgery or hypertherapy
Remove all or as much of the tumor is possible
Provide access for implantation of internal radiation or chemotherapy
Improves overall quality of life by reducing symptoms and also be relieving intracranial pressure caused by the cancer
The conclusion of a brain tumor is done by using MRIs or CT scans. There are some treatment options applicable for treating brain tumors. Chemotherapy, radiation therapy and surgery are the surgical options for removing brain cancer. The treatment depends upon convinced factors –
Location of brain tumor
General health and age of a patient
Size of brain tumor
Grade and type of brain tumor
Proton therapy can be treated as one of the best treatment options for brain cancer. Proton therapy decrease side effects as compared to conventional radiation therapy and also long term confusion can be escape. Proton therapy uses higher dosage of radiation for focus brain cancer. This also causes less damage to the neighboring tissues. The progress rate of this therapy is also very high.
GBM is considered as the most honest and natural type of malignant brain cancer, which is also a part of the glamorous tumor. Glioblastoma multiforme majorly advance in the cerebral hemispheres but it can also escalation to the spinal cord, brainstem and brain. Its common characteristics include –
GBM is less common in children
GBM can be composed of certain different types of cell
GBM causes are unknown
GBM is commonly seen in older individuals and is more common in men than in women
GBM can evolve from a lower grade Oligodendroglioma or astrocytoma
GBM can also develop directly
Surgery is the only treatment for GBM. The surgery can be connected with radiation therapy or can be followed by radiation therapy. Radiation therapy is used after the conclusion of the surgery in order to damage leftover tumor cells and also avoid their reappearance.
Astrocytoma is also a type of brain cancer that begins from the astrocytes (star-shaped cell) which forms a supportive brain tissue. Ependymal and oligodendrocytes bacterium are the other type of supportive brain cells. Together they are characterizeas glial cells and forms glial accessory. This cancer is subdivided into four distributionsuch as grade I astrocytoma, grade II astrocytoma, grade III astrocytoma and grade IV astrocytome. One of the usual symptoms of this tumor is the establishdurabilitywithin the skull. Major symptoms are mental status changes, headache and vomiting. Other symptoms are obtuseness, drowsiness, personality changes, lethargy and disordered conduct. Gliomas are treated by using radiation therapy.
When any surgical analysiscannot safely remove the cancer due to its convolutedlocation is termed as an hopelessbrain tumor. Some treatments are applicablefor removing such tumors. These tumors are inoperable due to their complicated location. These tumors may advancecasuallyand their improvementcan be disciplinedwith the help of radiation therapy and medications.
The potential benefits after a brain tumor surgery depends upon the respectiveposition. The ambitionof a brain tumor surgery is to cure several types of brain cancer at once. A brain tumor treatment can bettersymptoms and also arrangefor an improved quality of life.
A patient is approvedfor speech therapy, physiotherapy and occupational therapy. The aim of these therapies is to speed up the improvementperiod so that the patient may get on with his routine life as soon as achievable.
Multiple partsuch as size, location and type of tumor determines the endurancerate for a brain tumor. The survival rate is determined in terms of percentage of people who sustainfor 5 years after being analyzeof having a brain cancer. The continuityrate is around 16% of those people who are in between the age of 45-64, 65% in the case of children and 55% in those who are in between the age of 15-45.
India is known extensivefor its advanced medical facilities and encouragingtechnology for brain tumor surgery. Some of the best hospitals for brain cancer can be found in India. Also the cost of brain tumor surgery in India is essentiallylower than other advancedcountries of the world.