An oncology that trained in treating cancer by the means of surgery or by removing cancerous tissue or tumors is known as surgical oncology. Surgery is treated as one of the oldest treatment for cancer that not only supports in staging and diagnosing but also service in curing many kinds of cancer. A surgery is also useful in treating those cancers that have not increase to any other body organ.
Soft tissue sarcomas
Head and neck cancers
Rectum and Colon
Multiple Endocrine Neoplasia Types 1 and 2
Neuroendocrine Tumors of the Gastrointestinal Tract
Thyroidectomy : This method connect the removal of half or the entire thyroid for diagnosing and treating thyroid cancer.
Pancreatico duodenectomy or Whipple: This surgical method involves the removal of the head of the pancreas, improvement on the duodenum and bile duct. A Whipple method may also be operating for strictures of the pancreatic duct or the bile and also for severe pancreatitis. The last part of the surgery ambition at reconstructing the pancreas, the bile duct and the stomach.
Breast Surgery : Mastectomy, biopsy and segmental or lumpectomy are some of the kinds of surgical method that are combined in breast surgeries for treating breast cancer.
Melanoma Excision : The risk of repetition of melanoma (a skin cancer) is decreased by making a wide excision of normal healthy skin around the damaged part. The depth of the melanoma determines the width of the resection.
Rectal or Colon Resection : The rectal or colon cancer connect the removal of a part of the rectum or colon. In few cases, the bowel is re-connected so as to escape a ostomy or stoma.
Distal Pancreatectomy : The deadline of the pancreas is surgically detached by performing a distal pancreatectomy. Damage, pancreatic cancer, pancreatic pseudocysts and chronic pancreatitis can be treated with the support of this method.
Gastrectomy : Gastrectomy is a method that connect the removal of a part or the entire stomach. The method is performed for treating stomach cancer or gastric cancer.
Liver Resection : This is studied as a treatment option for primary liver cancer and sometimes for metastatic liver cancer. Different kinds of liver tumors can be removed by operating the surgical method of liver resection. The primary ambition is to remove all damaged tissue and the tumors by leaving as much liver as possible.
Lymph Node Dissection : This method is primarily observed for treating skin or breast cancer. This can be either completion lymph node dissection or sentinel lymph node. The completion lymph node dissections connect the deportation of all the lymph nodes from an area of the body that combine groin or armpit. On the other hand, sentinel lymph node require the deportation of the first some lymph nodes that drain the damaged area.
Esophagectomy : This method is observed for removing a part or the full of the esophagus. The aim of the program is to treat esophagus cancer.
Endoscopic Ultrasound (EUS): This surgical oncology procedure allows –
To access samples by passing a needle inside the tumor that produce for a quick and precise diagnosis.
It also service in determining the location and size of the tumor in the pancreas by providing a clear visualization of the pancreas and the digestive tract.
Minimally Invasive Surgery : Very small laceration are made for operating this minimally invasive surgery. This surgery makes use of certain specialized procedure either robotically with the Da Vinci surgical robot or laparoscopically. The method is performed by using huge definition monitors, miniature cameras with microscopes and tiny fiber-optic flashlights. Only a laceration or a stitch is compulsory for performing this method. The major benefit of this method is that it results in less blood loss and quick improvment.
Stereotactic Breast Biopsy : This minimally invasive is studied as a safe form for breast biopsy. This procedure is used for taking small samples of an abnormal breast mass for check out them. A breast abnormality is cancerous or non-cancerous is accepted by these biopsies.
Radiofrequency Ablation : A thin needle educated by an ultrasound or computed tomography (CT) is inserted over the skin into the tumor. The tumor is heated and demolished by delivering electrical energy by the needle. In majority of cases, a tumor can be completely treated with the support of radiofrequency ablation in just one treatment session.
Reconstructive Surgery : The primary ambition of a reconstructive surgery is to reconstruct an damaged area from where surgical removal of the cancer has been done. This kind of surgery is mainly used by plastic surgeons.
Sentinel Lymph Node (SLN) Biopsy : The first lymph node from where the cancer increase from the primary tumor is known as the sentinel lymph node. Sentinel lymph node is the first lymph node where cancer cells first develop. More than one sentinel lymph node may also be current. The existence of cancer cells is determined and examined under a microscope by performing a SLN biopsy method that connect the removal of the sentinel lymph node.
Mohs’ Surgery : The cancer from the nervous areas of the skin is removed with the support of this surgery. The cancer layer is conscientiously removed with the help of scalpel that is then examined under a microscope.
Electrosurgery : Cancer cells are ravaged by applying high-frequency electrical currents.
Cryosurgery : A cold probe or liquid nitrogen (a very cold material) is used for freezing and damaged the cancer cells.
Robotic Surgery : This surgery can be easily managed by a surgeon who sits away from the working table and views the 3-D image on the screen of the area being treated. A surgeon domination the development of a robot and also tells him how to use surgical tools for operating the operation. Robotic surgery is studied very beneficial for treating different types of cancer.