The method where the organ is taken from another living being in order to change the diseased organ by the healthy organ that functions perfectly. The transplanted organs are those organs that cannot be consider with the support of any medical drugs or with any type of surgeries. The various organs that can be transplanted are kidneys, intestine, lungs, pancreas, heart and liver. The various tissue that can be both transplanted and donated are bone marrow, skin, heart, middle ear, tendons and the valves.
Following organs can be transplanted –
Heart and Lungs ( both can be transplanted simultaneously)
Pancreas and Kidney (both can be transplanted simultaneously)
Different factors in considering organ matching and allocation
Both logistical and medical component are thoroughly measured for an organ so as to circulate it to the best matched recipient candidate. The matching criterion consists of-
The relative distance between the recipient and the donor
The size of the organs needed and blood type
The time spent awaiting the transplant
It is important to know whether the recipient is an adult or a child
The medical urgency of the recipient
The degree of the immune system matches between the recipient and donor
First step is to donate an organ
Then the UNOS lists the potential recipients
The third step is to notify the transplant center about an available organ
Then the transplant team processes the organ for the recipient
The organ is either accepted or declined
To be on the national waiting list, the patient is needed to visit at a transplant hospital. The physician will examine the patient carefully in order to determine the present situation of health and medical history and thereby conclusive that the patient is convincible enough to be recorded.
The first step to circulate the organs locally and if there are no recipients then the organs are regionally allowed and finally they are nationally distributed. The reason is to place the organs of the donor.
The organ can be donated by-
Anyone above 18 years of age can become an organ donor
If the organ is donated after death, then a detailed medical assessment is done to decide which organ can be successfully donated.
The conditions that can exclude the organ donation are HIV, severe infections, kidney disease, heart disease and any type of Cancer.
Both living and brain dead can be organ donors. The person who received damage either pathological or traumatic to that special part of the brain that controls the procedure of breathing and heartbeat, the person is announced as brain dead. The brain dead person is applicable for organ donation.
Living Donor : A living donor could be a family member like parents, brother or sister. A living donor can donate sustainable cells, fluid or tissues. The living donor can also provide small bowel, a partial donation of liver and a single kidney.
Deceased Donor (cadaveric) : These are those donors who are declared as brain dead and their organs are kept workable in ventilators till the time they can be used for transplantation.