Also referred to as Ocular surgery, the eye surgery is performed on the eye by an Ophthalmologist. The need for an eye surgery depends on many conditions. All the treatments ranging from corrective treatments to orbital implants, provides a successful solution to eye and vision problems.
The condition of cataract affects both eyes and occurs more in adults who have crossed the age of 60. The cataract surgery procedure is very successful and safe procedure. The surgery is recommended for those who are having vision loss that is hampering their daily life. The surgery is not advisable for those who are having other eye diseases. The surgery takes about thirty minutes and is performed under minimal sedation. During the surgical procedure, an artificial lens is inserted in place of the original in order to restore vision.
The 3 approaches of the cataract surgery are:
Extracapsular Cataract Surgery: The surgical procedure is performed when the lens is too opaque for Phacoemulsification. The surgery involves suturing and the recovery period is longer.
Intracapsular Cataract Surgery: The surgical procedure involves making big incisions and total removal of surrounding capsule and entire lens. This method is very rarely used.
Phacoemulsification: The surgical procedure is performed under local anesthesia. The most common type of cataract surgery, ultrasonic vibrations are used to dissolve the hazy lens by inserting a probe.
This the most common and most popular eye surgery. PRK (Photorefractive keratectomy) and LASIK (laser-assisted in Situ Keratomileusis) are the two common corrective eye surgery methods. Hyperopia, Astigmatism and Myopia can be corrected by laser eye surgery. It also eliminates the use of corrective lenses.
PRK is recommended for those who have thin corneas that poses difficulty the creation of a flap.
LASIK is the most popularly performed and precision laser is used for the removal of corneal tissue. The laser reshapes the cornea to modify its level of focus.
The surgery is meant for enucleation, evisceration and anopthalmia conditions. The orbital surgery is recommended for those people who have large eye tumors, congenital defects that leads in absent eyes and the eye that cannot be protected due to trauma. Silicone or bioceramic orbital implants and orbital tissue expander are the two orbital implants. These orbital implants are the surgical approaches for performing the procedure. The role of orbital implant is to protect the natural structure of the eye. It also provides support for positioning an artificial eye.
The cost of eye surgery in India is very affordable. All the hospitals use latest technologies in eye care surgeries and provides maximum benefits to the patients.